Finally! Florida Insurance Law Reforms For 2023
Between policy cancellations, unpaid claims, and rising premiums, Florida homeowners have been feeling the pinch for years, culminating in what has been called the “Florida Home Insurance Crisis.”
But thankfully, new legislation hopes to reverse the collapse of the insurance market and give Florida property owners better options.
Florida Senate Bill 2-A was signed into law on December 16, 2022, but Floridians still aren’t aware of how this will affect them.
This article is our attempt to unmask the new changes and explain how they might affect Florida homeowners and insurers.
Florida’s Home Insurance Crisis
Florida’s home insurance crisis is often blamed solely on our high occurrence of hurricanes, but this only tells part of the story.
What’s really to blame is fraud.
We’ve written at length about the many instances of fraud surrounding the insurance industry, from assignment of benefit agreements to roofing scams. Throw in unchecked lawsuits and rising construction costs and you have a recipe for disaster.
As a result, an increasing number of carriers have either pulled out of Florida or gone completely insolvent, leaving policyholders scrambling to find affordable coverage.
In addition to being expensive, coverage can be difficult to get, as insurers often exclude certain things from their policies due to things like frequent severe weather events, high crime rates, or predictable fraud and abusive use of litigation.
This means that even if you do manage to buy insurance for your Florida home (and perhaps get past all those exclusions), there’s no guarantee that your policy won’t be canceled after one big storm or hurricane season in the future.
This has left homeowners financially devastated.
The newly created Senate Bill 2-A is aimed at combating many of the most pressing issues affecting homeowners.
What Is Senate Bill 2-A?
Senate Bill 2-A was first introduced by Florida State Senator Bill Galvano in February 2019. It aims to combat the rising cost of insurance claims and premiums that have left many Floridians unable to afford homeowners coverage.
Here is a breakdown of some of the changes and how they may affect you:
- In an attempt to combat fraudulent claims, the deadline to file a claim has been reduced from 2 years to 1 year for new or reopened claims and from 3 years to 18 months for supplemental claims.
- Insurance companies now have less time to acknowledge, investigate, and pay out on claims in an attempt to resolve claims in a more timely manner.
- Insolvent insurance companies are now required to give policyholders 45-days’ notice before canceling policies (instead of just 30 days).
- One-way attorney fees are repealed, which prevents bad actors from abusing Assignment of Benefits agreements and/or simply using litigation as a first move versus a secondary strategy reserved for claims gone awry. No longer do these unethical sharks have zero possibility of incurring expenses. Now, if they are unsuccessful, they face having to pay their own legal and court costs, as well as those of the insurer. Previously, this was not the case. The insurer must still pay legal costs for the plaintiff if the plaintiff is successful. As well, remember that many Personal Injury Law litigators advertise that ‘You don’t pay unless we win’, so homeowners still won’t be paying. A functional change here is unlikely. This just makes legal/court costs in insurance cases more like those in most other civil cases.
- Assignment of Benefit (AOB) agreements, which allowed homeowners to sign over insurance benefits to a third party, are prohibited. Policyholders cannot be preyed upon any longer. Policyholders will now always remain in full control of their claims, and they retain full rights under the policy, including the ability to hire Public Adjusters or Attorneys. Those lawyers, PA’s, and other third-parties can no longer usurp policyholder rights, which then cut homeowners out of their own claims.
- Policyholders may no longer sue their insurance company unless breach of contract has been found, further preventing fraudulent and/or frivolous lawsuits.
- Citizens’ Insurance Corp. may actually be turned back into what it was designed as: a higher priced public option company of last-resort offering limited coverage to distressed risks that cannot find coverage elsewhere in the market. There are a number of stipulations on how Citizens is to change. Stay tuned for future blogs dedicated just to the evolution of Citizens!
By cracking down on excessive litigation, the hope is that home insurance companies now have more money to pay out on (legitimate) claims. Because of how insurance works, this should reduce premiums in the long-run.
What is the FORA (Florida Optional Reinsurance Assistance) Program?
Another big change introduced by the bill is the establishment of the Florida Optional Reinsurance Assistance program (FORA).
Under FORA, insurance companies can purchase hurricane reinsurance at reasonable rates so they don’t have to pass increased costs on to policyholders.
Reinsurance is insurance obtained by insurance companies.
Traditionally, insurance companies went to private organizations for this coverage and were then at the mercy of that company’s cost. With more and more insurers leaving Florida, obtaining reinsurance has become restricted, which then drove costs up further, which then were passed through to homeowners as part of their premium costs.
With FORA being an option in the marketplace now as a reinsurer, this allows a larger and publicly owned company to create options at a lower cost for reinsurance, and then the lower costs could be passed down to homeowners.
What Will the Future Hold?
The Florida home insurance crisis has been very alarming for many homeowners, but Senate Bill 2-A is a promising step toward insurance reform.
In the meantime, there are things you can do to reduce insurance costs.
For starters, properly maintain your home. Keeping your home in tip-top shape will go a long way toward reducing loss and damage. Another way to get a quick and easy discount is to get a wind mitigation inspection. Homeowners who pass this inspection are required to receive a discount on home insurance premiums.
Finally, get an independent insurance agent.
If you’ve only purchased insurance from a captive agent, you have been missing out on the wide range of coverage and budget options available to you. An independent agent has the advantage of choosing policies from a greater portion of the market, giving you more choice and (usually) better coverage!
Ready to get started? Give us a call today or fill out our online form for a free quote.